The Challenges of Primary Health Care Sector in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina

TitleThe Challenges of Primary Health Care Sector in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
Date Published05/2015
JournalInquiry - Sarajevo Journal of Social Sciences
Type of ArticleReview
Publication Languageeng
AuthorsRidic, O
Secondary AuthorsBusatlic, S
Tertiary AuthorsDapo, E
Subsidiary AuthorsJukic, T, Sarajčić, S, Karamehic, J

AbstractIn today’s modern society innovating in every organization becomesa key of its competitive advantage and survival in thehighly competitive market. This rule, sooner or later will have tobe accepted by our primary sector health care organizations. Allinstitutions must strive that by constant innovating, using in thebest manner possible the limited and available resources, to, inthe long term, ensure continuing businessand better future. Thescope of innovating activities must be all segments of the healthcare organizations. All employees must be involved in innovatingprocess, and not only the research and development departments(R&D). The health care institutions, which constantly innovate,enjoy the permanent advantage in the competition withtheir competitors. They are able to produce products and servicesthat are cheaper and of better quality. The innovation type, whichthe particular health care institution chooses, represents, in its essence,the nature of the innovation. It also includes the influenceof change on the value chain participants, competence and firms’inclination in tedious fields of innovation and innovative management.The modern markets require from the health care organizationsto be more dynamic, and the environmental changesdemand comprehensive innovative orientations. The people whokick start innovations in health care field are in principle leaders. The leadership variables become very important having in mindthat almost all organizations, to a certain extent are built based onthe hierarchical structure. As the result of this fact, the decisionmaking centers tend to be concentrated in the hands of the leadingindividuals. The science has found the relationship betweenleaders’ motivations and the frequencies of the innovations. Thehealth care in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (F.B&H), andits entry and Primary care sectorare faced with the serious challenges.Thus, innovating in this sensitive service field becomes theimperative for society. Innovating and at the same time, managingthese processes is necessary for more reasons. Financial resourcesallocated for health care in B&H are limited, and are expectedto remain so in the future. The second part of the challengesthe health care sector is facing is represented in the aging of thepopulation. The people live longer, and as the consequence, forthe health maintenance of population over 65, more and more resourcesare spent. By innovating, best practice checking and wastereducing the immense savings can be achieved in the health care.These actions, as well as the quality applications of best practiceswill enable that health care outlays, (which exceed ten percent ofgross domestic product (GDP).