COVID-19 Vaccines and Myocarditis: An Overview of Current Evidence

TitleCOVID-19 Vaccines and Myocarditis: An Overview of Current Evidence
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
Date Published2023/5/17
JournalMDPI Biomedicines
Volume11
Issue5
Type of ArticleReview
Publication LanguageEnglish
AuthorsHromic-Jahjefendic, A, Sezer, A, Aljabali, AAA, Serrano-Aroca, Ã, Tambuwala, MM, Uversky, VN, Redwan, EM, Barh, D, Lundstrom, K
KeywordsSARS-CoV-2 vaccines; myocarditis; pre-existing comorbidities
Abstract

COVID-19 vaccines have been widely used to reduce the incidence and disease severity of COVID-19. Questions have lately been raised about the possibility of an association between COVID-19 vaccines and myocarditis, an inflammatory condition affecting the myocardium, or the middle layer of the heart. Myocarditis can be caused by infections, immune reactions, or toxic exposure. The incidence rate of myocarditis and pericarditis was calculated to be 5.98 instances per million COVID-19 vaccine doses delivered, which is less than half of the incidences after SARS-CoV-2 infection. Myocarditis rates in people aged 12 to 39 years are around 12.6 cases per million doses following the second dose of mRNA vaccination. Adolescent men are more likely than women to develop myocarditis after receiving mRNA vaccines. The objectives of this systematic review and meta-analysis are to find out how often myocarditis occurs after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, as well as the risk factors and clinical repercussions of this condition. Nevertheless, the causal relationship between vaccination and myocarditis has been difficult to establish, and further research is required. It is also essential to distinguish between suggested cases of myocarditis and those confirmed by endomyocardial biopsy.

DOI10.3390/biomedicines11051469
Refereed DesignationRefereed