"Modern architecture as cultural heritage – study case Sarajevo"

Title"Modern architecture as cultural heritage – study case Sarajevo"
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2013
Date Published07/2013
Conference NameImportance of place
Publication Languageeng
AuthorsZoranic, A
PublisherCicop BiH
Place PublishedSarajevo
ISBN NumberISSN 2232-9072

Modern architecture is often not perceived as a cultural heritage and theese two terms have almost opposite and opposing meanings in the public and professional perception. The reasons for such attitudes are different. On one side; lie in the interpretation of the critics of modernism that the new and modern architecture that has no tradition. On the other hand; proponents of the modern were often exclusive to the previous styles and performed with the arrogant and destructive position of acting counter-productive for the affirmation of modernist ideas. From the beginning of their revolutionary attitudes modernism caused contradictions, praise fire supporters and non-selective criticism of opponents. After more than a hundred years of modern ideas, it is necessary to access the evaluation of such architecture in a professional and scientifically based manner. The architecture of the 20th century is marked by modernism and its duration has become a tradition with creating a common European, and not just European identity. Architecture and urban planning of the modern left indelible marks on the faces of the world's cities, have brought new understanding about the impact of housing and work space, on the behavior of people and their way of life and radically edit understanding of design and materialization of the architecture. Objects created by this formula often represent some of the most valuable architectural works in recent human history. At the same time, the relevance of modernist basic principles will not fade even in contemporary developments in architectural practice, despite the period of fierce onslaught in the second half of the twentieth century. The relation to the cultural heritage of the immediate past in the case of modern is directly connected with the present and future time, given the vitality and presence of recent architectural developments. This must be related to modern masterpieces, but also the impressive achievements that constantly being rediscovered in  the immediate living environment of European cities. There are not museums and places open for tourists and curious people eager admiration in such structures, we often live and go to work, school, or to the cinema etc. The modern cultural heritage should be presented as such to be accepted by the general public. It is required a comprehensive education on values and the qualitative leap that such architecture is brought about, despite the fact that people by nature do not aim at simplicity and clarity and so tend to accept modern ideas and aesthetics.