“ASSESSING THE LEVEL OF DENTAL CARE TO THE PREVALENCE OF DENTAL CARIES AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN IN CENTRAL BOSNIA CANTON”

Title“ASSESSING THE LEVEL OF DENTAL CARE TO THE PREVALENCE OF DENTAL CARIES AMONG SCHOOL CHILDREN IN CENTRAL BOSNIA CANTON”
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
JournalMedical Journal
Volume20
Issue2
Publication Languageeng
AuthorsRidic, O, Saban, A, Karakas, S, Dzananovic, N, Sarac, MDelic -, Svrakic, S
Tertiary AuthorsSaban, O
Abstract

ABSTRACT Introduction: Oral health of school children is a significant social and economic value of the modern world. At today's level of development of science and technology, it is possible to move forward, unless the individual and the population as a whole, taking responsibility, actively involved in the protection and improvement of overall health, including oral health. Caries as a pathological process in the teeth is an important issue in international medicine. Methods: The study was designed as a cross-sectional study. The survey instrument was used for the survey interview and clinical examination of the mouth and teeth to provide data on the oral health of children examined. The survey was conducted in all units of observation in selected schools in the stage of choice within these departments-selected groups of students.Results: Dental examination was made and survey of 804 primary school students, where 355 students from urban schools and 449 students from rural schools. The obtained results show that the DMFT indexes in elementary schools in Central Bosnia Canton are fairly uniform. Conclusion: Factors that are predominantly in relation to the place of residence and appearance of caries are eating poor quality food during the big break at school and it is more in urban areas then in rural areas. One of the important factors of consuming sweets and snacks is equally represented in all areas. Taking diet that improves teeth nutrition, for example drinking a glass of milk, gives no statistically significant result in both groups. According to the results, we can see that the socioeconomic status of patients affected by the occurrence of dental caries and oral hygiene in patients in relation to rural and urban areas, because we can see that by the number of respondents governments greater unemployment in both parents in rural areas than urban, which causes a host of other factors who are directly and indirectly connected with the development of caries.