Developments, trends and features of financial integration in the Western Balkan region- Cross-country comparisons

TitleDevelopments, trends and features of financial integration in the Western Balkan region- Cross-country comparisons
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
Date PublishedMay, 12-16, 2016
JournalUluslararası Yönetim İktisat ve İşletme Dergisi,(Int. Journal of Management Economics and Business)
VolumeSpecial issue 2016
Type of ArticleJournal article
Publication Languageeng
AuthorsGanić, M, Mamuti, A
Place PublishedBülent Ecevit Üniversitesi, Turkey
ISBN NumberISSN:2147-9208,
ISSN Number E-ISSN:2147-9194
Keywordscapital inflows, cross country analysis, financial development., financial openness, international financial integration

This paper looks at the key trends of financial integration and analyzes the degree to which Western Balkan countries are internationally integrated in financial flows. With the aim of reviewing the development of financial integration in the region some the experience of Western Balkan regions will be examined by conducting cross-country comparisons. The analysis focuses on the Western Balkans region by examining a set of financial indicators, but it will be useful to see the comparative view to the European perspective (EU 3 countries). To the purpose of cross country comparison, several important financial integration indicators related to financial openness and financial deepening are considered. The data for eight transition countries was sourced from the World Bank - World Development Indicators, IFS (International Financial Statistics), and WEO. For needs of the size and composition of capital inflows countries of the Western Balkan and EU 3 countries data are drawn from balance of payment selected countries. The paper provides two key insights. First, the financial systems in sample of analyzing countries are still at an earlier stage. Second, the median volatility of Portfolio investments (as % of GDP) is shown substantially less than the median volatility of Loan-to-GDP ratio and median volatility of FDI flows-to-GDP ratio. Also, the coefficient of variation for the Western Balkan region as well as EU3 countries reveals that the loan-to-GDP ratio is less volatile than the FDI inflows to GDP ratio.