|Title||"Fragmented transformation of the central urban space in post-Dayton Tuzla town"|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Conference Name||5th Hm&H CICOP CONFERENCE, International Conference on Hazards and Modern Heritage, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina|
FRAGMENTED TRANSFORMATION OF THE CENTRAL URBAN SPACE IN POST-DEYTON TUZLA TOWNUrban renewal and development of urban areas in post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina is characterized by altered socioeconomic and cultural relations. Urban planning experienced in the socialist period was marked by a number of problems endemic to the planning system particularly in relation to implementation.While the regulatory framework in Bosnia and Herzegovina, largely taken from the earlier Yugoslav period, provides the pragmatic conditions for sustainable development, the statutory planning system do not always deliver outcomes that improve or correct real problems the urban environment.The Tuzla urban area is heavily affected by the phenomenon of ground settlement due to the long term exploitation of salt. This problem was recognized in the Old Town Regulation Plan, adopted in the eighties, was seen at that time as a step towards protecting Tuzla’s cultural, historical and architectural values. While the aims and objectives of the plan were very clear, they nevertheless resulted in little change to correct problems in the old urban area.Today the deficiencies in the existing planning system have allowed interventions in the spatial setting of the town, which has further degraded its cultural, historical and architectural values.This paper describes and analyses case examples that illustrate the urban characteristics of Tuzla and the transformation of its town center. Several indicators are observed such as the application of basic principles for the protection of architectural heritage in relation to “old and new”, the uncritical interpolation of new facilities and the influence of traffic in the old part of town.The above development trends are leading to a transformation and fragmentation of the urban physiognomy of Tuzla town. The solution to this problem should be sought through a thorough and professional review of existing planning system in accordance with the general principles of sustainable development. These same principles and objectives should then be incorporated the statutory instruments in accordance with the law.