Giftedness and Academic Achievement as Determinants of Personal Competence Perception among Students of Elementary School

TitleGiftedness and Academic Achievement as Determinants of Personal Competence Perception among Students of Elementary School
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year of Conference2016
AuthorsHasanagic, A
EditorZukić, A, Bulajić, N
Conference NameX. European Conference on Social and Behavioral Sciences
PublisherInternational Association of Social Science Research
Conference LocationSarajevo, International University of Sarajevo
Keywordsgiftedness, perception of self-competence, school achievement
Abstract

Competence is defined like the „global or specific subjective perception (feeling,expectation, belief) of one person about one's ability to realize apparent behaviours andshow results which are expected“ (Bezinović, 1988, pg 53).In this study, we examined whether school achievement and giftedness are contributing tothe self-perception of personal competence of elementary school children. We used matchedparticipants sampling of gifted and average students with control variables of gender, age,academic achievement, observed motivation for school achievement, observed socioeconomicstatus. N=62 elementary school students. Instruments used were Socio-Demographic Questionnaire and Self-Perception Profile for Children by Susan Harter.Results imply that all participants percieve themselves as the most competent in BehavioralCompetence (M=20.32), than School Competence (M=20.26), Global Self-Worth (M=19.26),Social Competence (M=18.03), Physical Competence (M=17.45) and at least in AthleticCompetence (M=16.16).Subscales of self-perception are positively intercorrelated, which means that students withhigher perception in one aspect have high self-perception in other aspects as well, or thatdifferent aspects of self-perception belong to one general one (rho from 0.354 to 0.767).When it comes to the differences between gifted and average children we found significantdifferences in subscale of School Competence (Mann-Whitney U = 340.500, sig= 0.047)where gifted children percieve themselves as more competent than non-gifted students.When gender differences are observed as independent variable, there are statisticallysignificant differences on the Social Competence scale, (Mann-Whitney U =52.500sig=0.007), and Physical Appearance Scale (Mann-Whitney U =66.000, sig=0.036. wheregifted boys percieve themselves as more competent than gifted girls.